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BRICS countries exchange experiences in the area of information technology and artificial intelligence

In three panels that composed the program of the Seminar of the BRICS High Courts (group formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), held this Friday (25) in the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), representatives from Russia, China and South Africa spoke about the challenges and the development of Information Technology infrastructure in the Judiciary. The seminar's theme is "Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence: Good practices, opportunity and challenges for the judiciary".

Russia

The first vice president of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Pyotr Serkov, spoke about the virtual justice system of his country, with emphasis on the e-Justice portal, which allows from the sending of warnings about the progress of proceedings by mobile phone and e-mail to the holding of virtual trials. According to him, the implementation of the system has reduced the cost of transporting prisoners and improved communication between the 830 penitentiaries and between lawyers and their assistants, taking into account the large territorial area of the country and the various time zones. Serkov listed other facilities such as mobile videoconferencing, electronic signatures and elimination of paperwork. "We are guaranteeing the transparency and openness of processes for the population and guaranteeing the security and veracity of documents using virtual tools," he said.

Justice Wladimir Yaroslavtsev of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation presented statistics that show that electronic filings increased 20% in 2018 compared to 2017 and stressed that information technology allows for various possibilities of exchange and storage of information and contributes to integration between the courts. According to Yaroslavtsev, the country's database is large and allows an unlimited number of users. The justice also said that the technology used protects users' personal information and generates more benefits than difficulties for citizens and public officials.

The e-Justice was also highlighted by the director of the Information Technology Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Sergey Kryukov. In addition to the features presented by the vice president of the court, he listed an interactive helper that assists, for example, the choice of the court where the action will be filed and shows the taxes to be paid. Kryukov emphasized that the country already uses the system of biometrics and facial identification in the processing of documents and virtual meetings. The data and documents of the processes can be accessed and received in tablets, notebooks and smartphones.

China

Justice Pei Xianding of China's People's Supreme Court has shown the development of the use of technology in China since 2013 and said that in his country artificial intelligence has already been incorporated. According to him, three major open platforms have been developed and, in 2018, a new trial model was proposed with a revolutionary change involving more than three thousand courts in the same digital platform, which has already received 100 million visits. "We are moving forward in order to provide the Chinese people a new open and transparent judicial environment with live broadcasting," he said. According to the judge, the population follows the acts of the judiciary and is mainly satisfied with the analysis of priority issues. "This is a great tool for inspecting the work of the courts and the largest platform of the world judicial system, in which 4.92 million meetings have already been transmitted," he said.

The Chinese judge stated that 95% of the Supreme Court's services are online, which reduces the burocracy involved in the processing of cases. He also spoke about the new trial experience of the Internet Court of Hangzhou, which is exclusively virtual, and which, to date, has analyzed 10,628 cases, lasting 36 minutes for each session and simultaneous generation of documents. Pei Xianding also spoke about word recognition technology in a database with audio testimonials, which reduced the time of analysis of this information by up to 30%. "We are reaping the rewards, but there is still a lot of room for development to improve services in all areas, such as 5G and artificial intelligence, among others. The improvement must be constant, and the Court of China is open to know what has been done in other countries and to intensify cooperation among nations," he said.

Still on the subject of the Chinese experience, Xu Jianfeng, General Director of the Center of Information Technology of the People's Supreme Court of China, said that currently the resolution of disputes - the opening of inquiries, the sending of subpoenas and the execution of sentences - can be done entirely through virtual means. According to him, the virtual system operates in all 32 provinces of China, with more than one million users, and enables, for example, the participation of Chinese immigrants in Brazil. All the courts accept the opening of an inquiry outside the province, and this, according to Xu Jianfeng, is a major judicial innovation in China.

South Africa

The head of the Judiciary of South Africa and president of the Constitutional Court, Magoeng Magoeng, showed the context of Information Technology in his country and addressed topics such as electronic filing, excessive accumulation of paper, time spent in manual processing of actions and challenges to overcome the old structure of justice, emphasizing that the judiciary is a very resistant area to change. Magoeng spoke about the long queues in the registry offices and the backlog of cases and noted that the great economic inequality in the country affects access to justice. According to him, the implementation of virtual systems by the Constitutional Court, already initiated, and the digitalization of processes facilitate the discussion of issues and improve the management of the flow of cases. "We learned a lot from Ethiopia and Tanzania, which have made great strides in introducing technology into their systems," he said.

Magoeng said that he does not know any nation that uses television with as much freedom as Brazil and said that the Brazilian experience has much to offer to South Africa, as well as China's progress in automation. "These are jewels within the BRICS family, and we need to learn from the treasures we have. By working together, we can be greater, and I hope that we can move forward," he said. Also present were the president of the Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa, Mandis-Mandisa Maya, and the judge and president of the IT Committee of the Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa, Dunstan Mlambo.

Mediators

The justices Alexandre de Moraes, Gilmar Mendes and Ricardo Lewandowski, from STF, acted as mediators of the panels. All congratulated the initiative to hold the event, for the importance of the theme covered, and highlighted the changes made in the Supreme Court aiming at greater productivity, such as the virtual plenary.

Revolution in Justice

One of the mediators of the panels, the minister Alexandre de Moraes said that the real revolution in Justice is the use of data, the rapid implementation of Justice and the aid to other powers with concrete subsidies. The justice pointed out that the Judiciary has the largest database in the civil and criminal areas and that this information, if well worked on, can prevent crimes and support legislative changes based on reality. According to the Justice, the Judiciary can, by means of artificial intelligence tools, make a study and present to the Executive the major problems of health, education and transport, for example, which end up being judicialized. "The formation of the database and the use of artificial intelligence mechanisms is revolutionary for the Judiciary," he said.

Stands

During the interval between the panels, the ministers accompanied foreign visitors to three stands to learn about the STF's digital transformation plan, the National Justice Council's (CNJ) strategic planning in the area of information technology and the Brazilian electoral system, with presentation of the electronic ballot box.

EC//CF - CG/FB/GL

Read more

Click here to watch the entire seminar, broadcast by Justice TV

Lecture Professor Richard Susskind - BRICS 2019

Brazil presentation - Federal Supreme Court

China presentation 1 - Supreme Court

China presentation 2 - Supreme Court

Russia presentation - Supreme Court

Russia presentation - Constitutional Court

South Africa Supreme Court and Constitutional Court presentation 

 

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