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International Cooperation Print

Venice Commission

The European Commission for Democracy through Law, better known as the Venice Commission, the city where it meets, is the Council of Europe’s advisory body on constitutional issues. Established in 1990 as an agreement among 18 members of the Council of Europe, the commission in February 2002 became an enlarged agreement, allowing non-European states to become full members.

The Venice Commission is composed of independent experts appointed for four years by the member states and meets four times a year in Venice (Italy), in plenary session, to adopt its opinions and studies to promote the exchange of information on developments constitutional.

The accession of Brazil has been boosted by the Supreme Court, with which the Commission came into contact in the framework of cooperation with the Ibero-American Conference of Constitutional Justice, of which the Supreme Court is a founding member. With this accession, Brazil became the 56th member country of the Venice Commission. All Council of Europe member states are members of the Venice Commission; in addition, Kyrgyzstan joined the commission in 2004, Chile in 2005, the Republic of Korea in 2006, Morocco and Algeria in 2007, Israel and Tunisia in 2008, Peru and Brazil in 2009 and Mexico in the beginning of 2010. The Commission thus has 57 full members in all. Belarus is associate member, while Argentina, Canada, the Holy See, Japan, Kazakhstan, the United States and Uruguay are observers. South Africa and Palestinian National Authority have a special co-operation status similar to that of the observers.

Among many activities, the Constitutional Justice is one of the main areas of the Venice Commission. In that scope was created a center for constitutional justice, which aims to gather and disseminate the constitutional jurisprudence of member and associate countries. The diffusion of constitutional jurisprudence is done through the publication of a Bulletin of constitutional jurisprudence, which provides readers with summaries of the major decisions of the participant Courts, and the CODICES, which is a database with thousands of decisions summarized, the full texts of constitutions, descriptions of numerous Courts around the world and the laws that govern them. Moreover, there is cooperation by sending questions to the various courts that make up the Venice Commission, in order to hold consultations on specific issues. The Supreme Court often receives questions from various countries.

Venice Commissiona official website


Plenary Sessions

Joint Council on Constitutional Justice


19/06/2011: Venice Comission creates a group for Latin America 

Contact us
Praça dos Três Poderes - Brasília - DF - Brazil - Zip Code 70175-900 Phone: 55.61.3217.3000