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STF sends first group of Court servants to Mercosur countries

Eight Court servants were selected early June by the Advisory for International Affairs under the Joaquim Nabuco Program to visit the Supreme Courts of three Mercosur countries. Two of them went to Uruguay, three went to Chile and three went to Paraguay. This is the first time that the Federal Supreme Court sends servants abroad under an exchange program. The idea is part of the Joaquim Nabuco Program, which aims to provide participants with greater knowledge of the legal reality of countries that have signed the Agreement on Cooperation and Exchange of Judicial Servants, signed among Mercosur member States and associate States.

According to the Advisory for International Affairs, the servants shall spend around 15 days in the chosen country and follow activities defined by the Court of each State. They usually make visits to the premises of the courts, meet employees, accompany the local routine and developed activities specifically related to the exchange program.

One of the first persons selected under the program’s first edition was Fábio Manuel Nogueira, from the Department of International Jurisprudence and Thesaurus Management. He chose Uruguay because he considered it a safe and welcoming country, besides recognizing its importance in the international scene: "Besides being a country that hosted several international treaties, it is the Headquarters for Mercosur," so did he say. To Fabio, this is a unique opportunity to exchange experiences with other Courts of Law, specifically the Uruguayan one, where he will work. "I think it will be a unique experience, since it is an honor to represent the Brazilian Supreme Court and have the opportunity to exchange experiences with the Uruguayan Supreme Court," he stated.

Edinalva Ferreira dos Santos, in her turn, from the Department of Archive Management, who also goes to Uruguay, saw in the Program Joaquim Nabuco a great opportunity to get to know the judicial activities of other countries, "and also to live in another culture, with other customs and language". For her, this exchange means "to be close to the legal reality of another country in South America, and in an honorable manner: through my work at my country’s Supreme Court", she spoke proudly.

She believes this experience will bring many benefits to the STF. "This mutual exchange of judicial activities and knowledge can improve the management and the judicial activities of the countries involved," she argues.

For Wagner Madoz Amorim, from the Sessions Department, the desire to know the legal system of a country other than Brazil was one motivation to participate in the exchange. He chose Chile because there are several legal issues different from the ones of the Brazilian judicial system. He also argues that the exchange can bring good results to the Supreme Court: "It is reasonable to assume that this type of activity can increase the servants' knowledge regarding procedures in different ways, which are used by the Chilean courts so as to solve constitutional/legal conflicts, especially in what concerns preemptive control of constitutionality, etc.".

According to Resolution No. 445/2010, which established the exchange agreement, eight places are available per semester, disputed through a selection process which also provides a reserve list. This rule further establishes the requirements for participation on the exchange program, the required documentation and the criteria defining the selection process. That selection is made by the Human Resources Department, under the coordination of Advisory for International Affairs.


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