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Justice Gilmar Mendes will attend to the Venice Commission meeting

Justice Gilmar Mendes, of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF), will attend to the 94th Plenary Session of the European Commission for Democracy through Law, known as the Venice Commision, which will take place in Venice, from 7th to 9th of March. The meeting counts with the presence of many specialists that, indicated by the Supreme Courts of the European Council State-members and some Supreme Courts of other countries, such as Brazil, will discuss the legitimacy and feasibility of adopting measures that imply in strengthening of democracy, mainly in countries that still need, by many reasons, support in juridical and political development.

Amongst the meeting scheduled works, is a debate about a draft amicus curiae brief for the Constitutional Court of Moldova, about the immunity of Judges. Justice Gilmar Mendes, which participates of the Sub-Commission on the Judiciary of the Venice Commission, is one of the rapporteurs appointed to examine this document. The Sub-commission meeting will be held this Thursday, also in Venice.

The agenda of the 94th Plenary Session also features other topics such as the use of communist symbols in Moldova, the creation of a new constitution for Iceland, the Georgian legislation on political prisoners in face of the amnesty law, and other questions related to the Russian Federation, Serbia and Ukraine.

Venice Commission

The Venice Commission is the Council of Europe’s advisory body on constitutional issues. Established in 1990 as an agreement among 18 members of the Council of Europe, the commission in February 2002 became an enlarged agreement, allowing non-European states to become full members. Nowadays it has 58 state-members, and Brazil is a full member since 2008.

Initially conceived as an emergency mission focused on the new democracies of the Eastern Europe after the end of the communism, the Commission today is renowned as an independent forum and qualified in legal matters. It plays, as well, an important role in managing crisis and preventing conflicts through counseling in constitutional matters.

The Venice Commission is composed of independent experts appointed for a four years term by the state-members and meets four times a year in Venice (Italy), in plenary session, to adopt its opinions and studies and to promote the exchange of information on developments.

The accession of Brazil has been boosted by the Supreme Court, with which the Commission came into contact in the framework of cooperation with the Ibero-American Conference of Constitutional Justice, of which the Supreme Court is a founding member. With this accession, Brazil became the 56th member country of the Venice Commission.

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