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Russian judges get to know the Brazilian Judicial system


Tuesday, April 14th 2015

Representatives of the Council of Judges from the Russian Federation arrived in Brasília this week to get to know the details of the Brazilian Judicial system. The Russian council, which has similar attributions to the National Council of Justice (CNJ), has shown special interest on the policies developed by the central institution of planning and control, such as the unified electronic lawsuit and the alternative ways to solve conflicts.

The Russian group is composed by the president Dmitry Krasnov; the Head of the Office for Support of Judicial Community Bodies, Dmitriy Klimov; Head of The International-Analytical Center of support of State Automated System of Justice, Sergey Vitkalov; and the Head of The International Legal Cooperation Division, Anastasia Moskalenko.

The group started its agenda on the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF) on Tuesday (14), where they were introduced to the Brazilian Judicial Branch and pointed out similarities and differences between the two systems. The Russian judges were surprised to know that Brazil has 100 million cases in store, and explained that, in Russia, the statistics are measured only by concluded cases – 25 million in 2014.

The general secretary of the CNJ, Fabrício Bittencourt, informed that the main goal of the current management is to plan the future of the Judicial Branch and to reduce the time taken to settle the lawsuits.

“The number of lawsuits is a great challenge, but at the same time, we are proud of the ample and democratic access to Justice”, he said. He also mentioned the difficulty to manage the 600 thousand prisoners and the CNJ policies to reduce this number.

While the Russian Judicial system has its budget mainly from federal origin, the representatives of the CNJ informed that the courts of Justice have state budgets that can be complemented by the national organism. “It’s important that all citizens have the same type and quality of access to Justice”, said Bittencourt. He informed that the president of the STF and of the CNJ, minister Ricardo Lewandowski, is working in a new federal pact for the Judiciary, having in mind that the CNJ was created by the first pact, in 2014.

TJDFT

The visitors also went to the Court of Justice of Distrito Federal and Territórios (TJDFT), where they were received by the president Getúlio de Moraes, who demonstrated excitement with the Electronic Judicial Lawsuit (PJe). The TJDFT began to use the PJe in August 2014 and now it develops strategic functions, such as the development of the electronic precatory module of the state Justice, alongside with CNJ.

It was specially to get to know closely the electronic lawsuit that the group went to the Judge Forum José Júlio Leal Fagundes building, which concentrates specialized judges in DF. With the support of judges, local workers and the auxiliary judge of CNJ, Bráulio Gusmão, the Russian group understood better the main advances obtained by the electronic system, such as agility and space saving. They also got to know the system of conciliation, essential on the solution of simple matter conflicts.

For the president of the Russian group, Dmitry Krasnov, the electronic system is the future, as well as the future on the judicial system. “I’m very glad that the Brazilian colleagues were able to implement so well the electronic lawsuit. We were impressed by the development level of the system and we are ready to learn a lot”, he said.

As for the methods of conciliation before the lawsuit, Krasnov assured that this practice is welcomed all over the world. “We have always support this kind of action before the legal proceedings. And when these proceedings are taken by judges of great experience, such as the Brazilians, the proceeding tend to have very good results”, he concluded.

The group of the Council of Judges of the Russian Federation continues its agenda in Brasília on Wednesday (15). The group will participate of presentations regarding the automation of judicial services and will be received by the minister Ricardo Lewandowski.

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