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Professor at the University of Salamanca lectures on the STF about gender violence


Gender violence is one of the most important problems to be addressed in the agenda of human rights throughout the world. The statement is from the Doctor María Esther Martínez Quinteiro, Professor of Contemporary History of the Department of Medieval, Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Salamanca, in Spain, on the lecture held on Friday (29), on the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF), with the theme "Gender Violence and Human Rights in Spain and in Brazil".

According to her, the problem is worldwide and presents itself in many different forms and degrees, in almost all countries. She explained that the violations can be domestic, at work, individual, collective and introduce themselves in the form of financial, moral or sexual harassment. However, ensures the teacher, the gender violence always presents itself as a way to encourage male domination and demonstrate the superiority of this genre over the feminine. "The gender violence is a phenomenon that is a result of gender inequality or the difference in rights between men and women," she stressed.

In the opinion of the Professor, confusion between gender violence and domestic violence undermines the effectiveness and application of the standards aimed to combat gender violence and human rights violations associated to this problem. She explained that the genre defines the role that each person represents in the family and in society.

Dr. Quinteiro reported that Spain, since the beginning of the 21 century, has implemented active and innovative policies to combat gender violence which culminated in the promulgation, in 2007, of the Law of Effective Equality between Men and Women. She pointed out that, in Brazil, from the Maria da Penha Law, the numbers of gender violence suffered a slight reduction and then were stabilized.

She cited a study sponsored by the Perseu Abramo Foundation that pointed out that 2.1 million women suffer gender violence every year in the country. According to her, these numbers are underestimated, because not all victims give complaint or seek public health services. Because they don’t attend to the health system, it is not possible to know how many are injured. It’s what is called hidden numbers. "Hidden by shame, fear or financial dependence," she said.

The lecture is part of the project "Friday with Excellence", which brings national and international experts to address current and relevant issues to the legal area of the STF.

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