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Supreme Courts of Brazil and Russia sign an agreement of cooperation in the area of electronic judicial proceeding


Tuesday, June 2, 2015

The Chief Justice of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF) and president of the National Council of Justice (CNJ), Ricardo Lewandowski, and the President of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Vyacheslav Lebedev, signed this Tuesday (6/2) a Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation between the two Supreme Courts, with particular focus on the exchange of experiences and good practices in the areas of electronic and computer systems. In the document, the two Courts also undertake to exchange knowledge on standards and regulations applicable to the judges in both countries and implement judicial activities of mutual interest.

"I am sure that here, we take an important step towards the strengthening of our Courts and our judges," said the president Lewandowski on the memo during his participation, also on Tuesday, in a Plenary Session of the Council of Judges of the Russian Federation, which its equivalent to the CNJ. "The exchanges between the Judicial Branches of Brazil and Russia are an example of cooperative activity that can be made between our countries in the pursuit of institutional improvement and dissemination of good practices for the benefit of all involved," he reaffirmed.

In his speech during the Plenary Session of the Council of Judges of the Russian Federation, Minister Lewandowski highlighted the work of the CNJ to systematize the management of the Brazilian Judicial Branch and to upgrade the technology as an "essential instrument" to provide efficient Justice. "In Brazil, it’s in progress an ambitious project of computerization of proceedings, which will make proceedings fully digital”, he said.

According to him, the Electronic Judicial Proceeding System (PJe), established by the Resolution 185/2013 of the CNJ, is deployed in 34 courts, in addition to the Council itself. On the States, there are nine Courts of Justice (TJs) and 172 Courts of first instance using the system. In the Labor Courts, informed Lewandowski, 70% of the 1,479 courts of first instance and 24 Regional Labor Courts (TRTs) also use the PJe, with distribution of over 1.5 million electronic proceedings.

Similarities

Lewandowski also stressed to the Russian magistrates the similarities between Brazil and Russia, including the similarities between their Judicial Branches. "Both have adopted the federative form of State, which carries the administrative decentralization of the courts that spread across different regions of the country," he said. He also noted that the huge distances and the difficult access to certain areas, such as Siberia and Amazon, represent a significant challenge to the effectiveness of Justice throughout the national territories.

However, according to the President of the STF, even with such difficulties, in Brazil, the Judiciary stands out "as a key actor in maintaining the institutional balance, the social peace and ensuring the fundamental rights of the Brazilian citizens", facing issues "before reserved exclusively to other Branches", and "participating in an active way to formulate public policies", especially in the areas of health , environment, consumption, protection of the elderly, children, adolescents and people with disabilities.

According to Minister Ricardo Lewandowski, the result of such projection is the significant increase in the number of cases in the Brazilian Judiciary. According to a research of the CNJ, in 2014, in Brazil, there were approximately 95 million cases.

"Through an almost superhuman effort, the Brazilian magistrates-whose number corresponded, in 2014, to approximately 16,500 judges – made more than 25 million sentences, about 1,600 for each magistrate", concluded the President of the STF.

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