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Justice Cármen Lúcia takes up office as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

Justice Carmen Lucia, 62, who joined the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF) in 2006, takes up on Monday (12th) the office of Chief justice of the highest judicial body. Elected for the 2016-18 biennium according to the antiquity criterion, she is the second woman to lead the Supreme Court and the National Council of Justice - the first being Justice Ellen Gracie. She will also be the third authority in the replacement line of the President of the Republic, Michel Temer.

Born on April 19th, 1954, in Montes Claros (MG), Cármen Lúcia lived in the town of Espinosa and later moved to the capital, Belo Horizonte, where he studied at Sacré-Coeur de Jésus College. She Graduated in Law from PUC/MG, completed her Masters in Constitutional Law from UFMG and specialization in Corporate Law from Fundação Dom Cabral. She studied French, English, Spanish, Italian and German.

Professional background

The Justice worked as a lawyer, as a state attorney for Minas Gerais and as a professor of Constitutional Law at PUC/MG, where she headed the Constitutional Law Center. She was director of the Institute of Brazilian Lawyers’ Journal and is a member of legal institutions such as the International Academy of Law and Economics and the Academy of Legal Letters of Minas Gerais. She wrote and published seven books, including "Constitutional principles of civil servants" and "Law of/for All" and acted in coordination and collaboration of collective works.

In these ten years of Supreme Court, Justice Cérmen Lúcia was present in relevant trials: she voted for the constitutionality of the Clean Record Act (ADI 4578); was in favor of the publication of unauthorized biographies (ADI 4815); and she understood that, under the Maria da Penha Act, the public prosecutor can initiate criminal proceedings without the victim’s representation (ADC 19).

In addition to these votes, she positioned herself against a new trial for convicted persons with four votes for acquittal (PA 470); she admitted the execution of the sentence before the final judgment of the criminal proceeding (HC 126,292); recognized same-sex marriage (ADPF 132) and consented in research with embryonic stem cells (ADI 3510) and in the cessation of pregnancy of anencephalic fetuses (ADPF 54).

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