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With 37 years of magistrature, Luiz Fux will assume the highest post in the Brazilian Judiciary


On September 10, Justice Luiz Fux will assume the chairmanship of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF) and the National Council of Justice (CNJ) for the 2020-2022 biennium. With 37 years of magistrature, the Justice will occupy the highest position in the Brazilian Judiciary, next to JusticeRosa Weber, elected Deputy Chief Justice.

Luiz Fux was nominated in 2011 to occupy the position resulting from the retirement of JusticeEros Grau. Before the nomination, he was part of the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) for 10 years, where he was the youngest Justice to assume a seat.

Fux's career has always been premature. He passed the magistrature exam first in 1983, when he was 30 years old. Later, he was the youngest judge to be appointed to the Rio de Janeiro Court of Justice (TJ-RJ), based in the city where he was born in 1953.

The Justice comes from a family of exiled Jews from World War II. His maternal grandfather was an arbitral judge in the community. His father, Mendel Wolf Fux, was a Romanian immigrant naturalized Brazilian and lawyer in the civil litigation area.

Luiz Fux's legal background is also linked to the civil area: he chaired the commission in charge of drafting the new Civil Procedure Code (CPC), approved in 2016 in the National Congress, and was head of the Civil Procedure Department at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ).


In March, when he completed nine years at the STF, the Justice's cabinet had 1,545 cases. A total of 77,608 orders and decisions were issued, an average of 7,311 decisions per year. Of these, 52,242 were final.

Among the high-profile cases reported by Fux, the following should be highlighted: the constitutionality of the ineligibility of the Ficha Limpa Law (Clean Record Law); multiparentality or socioaffective paternity; constitutionality of transportation apps; habeas data as a constitutional guarantee of taxpayer protection; extradition of Cesare Battisti; breach of bank secrecy by the TCU; and fiscal federalism.

He voted for the invalidity of the labor reform rule that allowed the work of pregnant and breastfeeding women in unhealthy activities and for the framing of homophobia and transphobia as crimes of racism.

The Justice fulfills the prerogative he established years ago, that conciliation is the best way to fight the judicialization. Thus, he has called for hearings to debate controversial issues, such as the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet, the judge of guarantees, the hours of operation of the courts and the freight schedule.

Fux took office as President Judge of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) in 2018 with the greatest challenges in the management being the fight against fake news and the observance of the Ficha Limpa Law.

Communications Advisory of the Chief Justice's Office.

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