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"Justice in Numbers" - Indicators of the Judiciary Power

The President of the Supreme Court (STF) and the National Council of Justice (CNJ), Justice Cezar Peluso, presented on Tuesday, September 14, at a news conference, the report "Justice in Numbers 2009 - Indicators of Judiciary.Power " The survey, conducted annually since 2005 by the CNJ, provides information on the procedural motion, expenses, revenues and the overall operation of the State Courts, Federal Courts and Labour Courts.

Speech of Chief Justice Cezar Peluso:

Good morning.

This report you have just received, which synthesizes with major current data the reality of the Brazilian Judiciary, includes information and statistics of the Federal Courts, State Courts and Labor Courts for the year 2009. The full report, which contains tables, charts and the glossary of the variables will be available at the National Council of Justice website on the Internet.
Although this is the sixth edition of "Justice in Numbers", I would personally make this presentation, considering the uniqueness of some data collected during that period.
As many of you know, the "Justice in Numbers" came from the Judicial Reform, introduced by Constitutional Amendment Number 45 as a tool for improving the justice system, providing inputs to searching for solutions and dealing with problems diagnosed from the carrying out of the report.
Among the novelties presented in this issue is the change in methodology for collecting data related to hold-up rates in Courts.
As you can see, 2009 total expenses of Justice amounted to 37.3 billion of reais, 9% more than in 2008. The State Justice, the most requested, with more than 18 million new cases only in 2009, accounted for 56% of total expenditure.
But if on one hand spending on the judiciary reaches 1.2% of national Gross Domestic Product, on the other it must be remembered that the judiciary is also responsible for significant revenue to the State. In that sense, in 2009 19.3 billion reais were collected in revenues from executions. In this aspect, the Federal Courts appear in first place with 11.9 billion, representing 48% of the total collected.
It should also be highlighted that, on average, 51.8% of the amounts spent by the courts are returned to government account through the collections it performs.
Another interesting finding that deserves attention concerns the number of judges per inhabitant. As you can see in the report, in 2009 the three branches of Justice had an average of eight judges for each group of 100 000 inhabitants. The largest concentration is in the State Courts, which is the most requested, with about six judges per 100,000 inhabitants. Spain, Italy, France and Portugal have up to 18 judges per 100,000 inhabitants. We see, therefore, that Brazil is below the world average.
In 2009, passed through the three branches of Justice about 86.6 million cases, with 25.5 million new cases. Compared to 2008 there was an increase of 19.8% in the number of lawsuits in procedure. This rise, however, is due to the adoption of new criteria for collecting data, as defined under Resolution number 76 of the National Council of Justice.
The new method focuses on analyzing the flow of input and output of suits in the judiciary, from the perspective of the citizen who is waiting the solution of him/her dispute, and not only the productivity of the magistrate. This means that suits only fail to be effectively accounted for after the final decision cannot be appealed anymore. In the previous methodology, it was considered the suit which had a sentence, no matter it could be still appealed.
Despite the adoption of the new methodology for the calculation of lawsuits in procedure, we found that in 2009 the rate of overall hold-up of the Brazilian Justice was 71%. By analyzing the historical series since 2004, we noticed that the hold-up rate has remained stable and that the Labor Court is the one which serves more quickly the citizens, with a hold-up rate of 49%.
The State Justice has a hold-up rate of almost 80%. The biggest bottleneck is in the suits of first instance. Of every 100 lawsuits in procedure, only 24 were completed in 2009.
Even so, we found that the productivity of our judges has grown year by year. On average, each judge dismissed 1,439 cases, what means an increase of 3.6% compared to 2008 data.
Before those numbers, the challenge presented to the Justice organs’ managers is the use of such data for planning the judicial policies in order to improve the adjudication.
Following this brief presentation, I give the word to Dr. Werner who can clarify any doubts.
Thank you
Justice Cezar Peluso

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