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About the Court Print

Facts about the Court

Justices who were Chief of the Supreme Court (Empire/Republic)


Superior Court Of Justice (Empire)

  • José albano fragoso (Portugal) - 1829/1832
  • Lucas Antonio monteiro de barros (Minas Gerais) - 1832/1842
  • José Bernardo de Figueiredo (Rio de Janeiro) - 1842/1849
  • Francisco de Paula Pereira Duarte (Minas Gerais) - 1849/1855
  • Manoel Pereira de Sampaio (Espírito Santo) - 1856/1857
  • Joaquim José Pinheiros de Vasconcellos (Bahia) - 1857/1864
  • Joaquim Marcelino de Brito (Bahia) - 1864/1879
  • João Antonio de Vasconcellos (Bahia) - 1879/1880
  • Albino José Barboza de Oliveira (Portugal) - 1880/1882
  • Manoel de Jesus Valdetaro (Rio de Janeiro) - 1882/1886
  • João Evangelista de Negreiros Sayão Lobato (Minas Gerais) - 1886/1891

Supreme Federal Court (Republic)

  • Freitas Henriques (Bahia) - 1891/1894
  • D’Aquino e Castro (São Paulo) - 1894/1906
  • Piza e Almeida (São Paulo) - 1906/1908
  • Pindahiba de Mattos (Maranhão) - 1908/1910
  • Herminio do Espirito Santo (Pernambuco) - 1911/1924
  • André Cavalcanti (Pernambuco) - 1924/1927
  • Godofredo da Cunha (Rio Grande do Sul) - 1927/1931
  • Leoni Ramos (Bahia) - 1931
  • Edmundo Lins (Minas Gerais) - 1931/1937
  • Bento de faria (Rio de Janeiro) - 1937/1940
  • Eduardo Espinola (Bahia) - 1940/1945
  • José Linhares (Ceará) - 1945/1949 e 1951/1956
  • Laudo de Camargo (São Paulo) - 1949/1951
  • Orozimbo Nonato (Minas Gerais) - 1956/1960
  • Barros Barreto (Pernambuco) - 1960/1962
  • Lafayette de Andrada (Minas Gerais) - 1962/1963
  • Ribeiro da Costa (Rio de Janeiro) - 1963/1966
  • Luiz Gallotti (Santa Catarina) - 1966/1968
  • Gonçalves de Oliveira (Minas Gerais) - 1968/1969
  • Oswaldo Trigueiro (Pb) - 1969/1971
  • Aliomar Baleeiro (Bahia) - 1971/1973
  • Eloy da Rocha (Rio Grande do Sul) - 1973/1975
  • Djaci Falcão (Paraíba) - 1975/1977
  • Thompson Flores (Rio Grande do Sul) - 1977/1979
  • Antonio Neder (Minas Gerais) - 1979/1981
  • Xavier de Albuquerque (Amazonas) - 1981/1983
  • Cordeiro Guerra (Rio de Janeiro) - 1983/1985
  • Moreira Alves (São Paulo) - 1985/1987
  • Rafael Mayer (Paraíba) - 1987/1989
  • Néri da Silveira (Rio Grande do Sul) - 1989/1991
  • Aldir passarinho (Piauí) - 1991
  • Sydney Sanches (São Paulo) - 1991/1993
  • Octavio Gallotti (Rio de Janeiro) - 1993/1995
  • Sepúlveda Pertence (Minas Gerais) - 1995/1997
  • Celso de Mello (São Paulo) - 1997/1999
  • Carlos Velloso (Minas Gerais) - 1999/2001
  • Marco Aurélio (Rio de Janeiro) - 2001/2003
  • Maurício Corrêa (Minas Gerais) - 2003/2004
  • Nelson Jobim (Rio Grande do Sul) - 2004/2006
  • Ellen Gracie (Rio de Janeiro) - 2006/2008
  • Gilmar Mendes (Mato Grosso) - 2008 

List of the Presidents of the Republic (or those in charge of presidencial duties) who nominated Justices for the Supreme Federal Court

  • Deodoro da Fonseca: 15 Justices
  • Floriano Peixoto: 15 Justices
  • Prudente de Morais: 7 Justices
  • Manuel Vitorino Pereira (*): 3 Justices
  • Campos Salles: 2 Justices
  • Rodrigues Alves: 5 Justices
  • Affonso Penna: 2 Justices
  • Nilo Peçanha: 2 Justices
  • Hermes da Fonseca: 6 Justices
  • Wenceslau Braz: 4 Justices
  • Delfim Moreira: 1 Justice
  • Epitacio Pessôa: 3 Justices
  • Arthur Bernardes: 5 Justices
  • Washington Luís: 4 Justices
  • Getúlio Vargas: 21 Justices
  • José Linhares (*): 3 Justices
  • Eurico Gaspar Dutra: 3 Justices
  • Nereu Ramos (*): 1 Justice
  • Juscelino Kubitschek: 4 Justices
  • Jânio Quadros: 1 Justice
  • João Goulart: 2 Justices
  • Castello Branco: 8 Justices
  • Costa e Silva: 4 Justices
  • Garrastazu Médici: 4 Justices
  • Ernesto Geisel: 7 Justices
  • João Figueiredo: 9 Justices
  • José Sarney: 5 Justices
  • Collor de Mello: 4 Justices
  • Itamar Franco: 1 Justice
  • Fernando Henrique Cardoso: 3 Justices
  • Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva: 7 Justices

NOTE(*): President of the Republic in the condition of substitute of the Chief of the Executive Power.
 

Presidents of the Republic with most nominations of Justices for the Supreme Federal Court

  • Getúlio Vargas - 21 Justices
  • Deodoro da Fonseca - 15 Justices
  • Floriano Peixoto - 15 Justices

Justices who had the longest tenures at the Supreme Federal Court

Justice José Paulo Figuerôa Nabuco de Araújo, of the Superior Court of Justice (Empire), served, in office, during 31 years and 3 months.
In the Republic, it was Justice Hermínio do Espírito Santo which remained longer in the Supreme Federal Court (29 years, 11 months 24 days, until his death, in office, in 1924) followed by Justice André Cavalcanti, whose period in STF was of 29 years and 8 months, having equally died, in office, at the age of 93 years (1927).

Justices who had the briefest tenures at the Supreme Federal Court

  • Herculano de Freitas: 3 months, 16 days Carlos Medeiros: 8 months, 23 days
  • Barata Ribeiro: 10 months, 4 days
  • Clóvis Ramalhete: 10 months, 16 days
  • Barão de Lucena: 10 months, 28 days
  • Augusto Olyntho: 11 months, 4 days
  • Alencar Araripe: 11 months, 28 days
  • Joaquim Francisco de Faria: 1 year, 15 days
  • Mendonça Uchôa: 1 year, 15 days
  • Queiroz Barros: 1 year, 15 days
  • Firmino Paz: 1 year, 23 days
  • Souza Mendes: 1 year, 1 month, 8 days
  • Sayão Lobato (*):(*) 1 year, 2 months, 6 days
  • Ferreira de Resende: 1 year, 3 months, 28 days
  • Americo Braziliense: 1 year, 4 months, 2 days
  • Ubaldino do Amaral: 1 year, 4 months, 19 days
  • Bento Lisboa: 1 year, 5 months, 14 days
  • Faria Lemos: 1 year, 7 months, 13 days
  • Figueiredo Junior: 1 year, 8 months, 12 days
  • Barros Pimentel: 1 year, 9 months, 20 days
  • Fernando Luiz Osorio: 1 year, 11 months, 28 days


NOTE (*): Justice SAYÃO LOBATO, Viscount of Sabará, although remaining in Supreme Federal Court only for a short period of time, he held the position of Justice for many years (10 years) in the Superior Court of Justice (Empire)
 

Justice of the Supreme Federal Court who was elected President of the Republic

Justice Epitacio Pessoa, joined the Supreme Federal Court (1902-1912), and was elected president when he was in Paris as the Chief of a Diplomatic Mission in the Peace Conference of Versailles and served as President in the period of 7/28/1919 to 11/15/1922.
Justices of the Supreme Federal Court who held the Presidency of the Republic under the condition of substitutes
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Federal Court qualify, constitutionally, as one of the eventual substitutes for the President of the Republic In this condition, until the present moment (2007), only four Chief Justices of the Supreme Federal Court eventually held the Presidency of the Republic: 

  • Ministro José Linhares (29/10/1945 a 31/1/1946)
  • Ministro Moreira Alves (7/7/1986 a 11/7/1986)
  • Ministro Octavio Gallotti (13/6/1994 a 15/6/1994 e 4/8/1994 a 6/8/1994)
  • Ministro Marco Aurélio (15/5/2002 a 21/5/2002 – 4/7/2002 a 5/7/2002 – 25/7/2002 a 27/7/2002 – 20/8/2002 a 21/8/2002 e 31/8/2002 a 9/9/2002)
  • Justices of the Supreme Federal Court elected for the Brazilian Academy of Letters
  • Ministro Annibal Freire (Chair 3)
  • Ministro Ataupho de Paiva (Chair 25) – He was also President of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (1937)
  • Ministro Candido Motta Filho (Chair 5)
  • Ministro Evandro Lins (Chair 1)
  • Ministro Hermes Lima (Chair 7)
  • Ministro João Luiz Alves (Chair 11)
  • Ministro Lucio de Mendonça (Chair 11) – He was one of the founders of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
  • Ministro Oscar Corrêa (Chair 28)
  • Ministro Pedro Lessa (Chair 11)
  • Ministro Rodrigo Octavio (Chair 35) – He was one of the founders of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
  • Justices of the Supreme Federal Court elected for the International Court of Justice (The Hague)
  • Three (3) Justices of the Supreme Federal Court, after retirement, were elected Judges of the International Court of Justice, in the Hague:
  • Justice Epitacio Pessôa (Permanent Position in the Court of International Justice, still structured in the old League of Nations – 1923/1930)
  • Justice Philadelpho Azevedo (International Court of Justice /UN – 1946/1951)
  • Justice Francisco Rezek (International Court of Justice /UN – 1997/2006)

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